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Hana ʻia ʻo Raincoat i nā lole wai paʻa wai, nona ka lole wai kūpono e pili ana i ka lepe, kaʻaila a me nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, a pēlā aku.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā raincoats ma Kina. I ka Zhou Dynasty, ua hana ʻia nā kapa huluhulu o vanilla "petrol" ma ke ʻano he ʻahu ua e pale ai i ka ua. ʻO kēia raincoat ka mea a ka poʻe e kapa pinepine ai ʻo "Raincoat". Nānā i nā raincoats hou i ka ea permeability o ka lole paʻa wai, a ʻo nā raincoats hanu e hiki ai i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ka ea wela a me ka ea mai ka raincoat i ke kau ʻana, e hoʻonui ana i ka pae hōʻoluʻolu.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā raincoats ma Kina. I ka Zhou Dynasty, kahi raincoat i hana ʻia o vanilla "petrol" i hoʻohana ʻia e pale aku i ka ua, ka hau, ka makani a me ka lā. Ua ʻike ʻia kēia kapa hulina ʻo "Raincoat". Ma kahi o ka wā puna a me ke kauwela, ua hana ka poʻe kahiko i ka lole ʻahu ʻahu ʻaila. ʻO ka makahiki iwakāluakūmāhiku o ʻAi Gong ma Zuozhuan: "Ua hana ʻo Chen Chengzi iā Jangge e nā lole". Palapala a Du Yu: "hana ʻia, kapa komo ua". Manaʻo ʻo Duan Yucai o qing Dynasty: ʻaʻole i hana ka mauʻu i ka mauʻu, inā nā lole ʻaila o kēia lā. Wahi a ka noiʻi, i kēlā manawa, ua loaʻa i ka poʻe ka ʻike o ka tong aila hoʻomaloʻo tong, Ebara, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, ka lole kapa ʻaila, ʻo ia ka lole me ka ʻaila tung a i ʻole ka aila choi aila maloʻo maloʻo. Ma hope o ka Northern and Southern Dynasties, ua hoʻomohala hou ʻia ka hana ʻana i nā lole ʻahu raincloth. Hiki ke hana ʻia ma ke siliki a i hana ʻia mai ka pepa cocoon silkworm. I ka Sui Dynasty, ua hoʻohana ʻia ka lole ʻaila e hana i nā lole hululu. Ua lawe ʻo "Sui Book" iā Emperor Yangdi i ka ua i ka hopu holoholona, ​​"a puni nā lole ʻaila." Eia nō naʻe, pipiʻi a paʻakikī nā lole ʻahu ʻahu aahu no ka poʻe maʻamau. ʻO ka poʻe aristocrats wale nō ke ʻoliʻoli iā lākou. I ka Tang Dynasty, ua hana nā ʻahu ua i kahi hui o ka raincoat coir a me ka pāpale. ʻO ka huaʻōlelo ʻo "Yuge Zi" i kākau ʻia e Zhang Zhihe o ka Tang Dynasty e heluhelu ana, "Green Ruoli, raincoat ʻōmaʻomaʻo Coir, ʻaʻohe hoʻi ma muli o ke ʻano o ke anilā", ka mea e wehewehe maoli nei i ka poʻe hana e hana nei i nā kapa hululu. No laila mākou e ʻōlelo "green zhu zhu" a "Green coir raincoat", no ka mea ua hana ʻia nā mea ʻelua mai nā lau o nā mea kanu. I ka wā aliʻi Tang, aia nā lole huluhulu i hana ʻia me ke kilika. I loko o kahi wā mōʻaukala lōʻihi, ʻo ka raincoat coir a me ka pāpale he mau raincoat kaulana ia, akā me ka hoʻomohala ʻia ʻana o ka hana kaiāulu, ʻaʻole lākou i pili hou, akā ʻeleʻele ma kahi, e lilo ana i mea nani loa i ka hana. I ka Song and Yuan Dynasties, ʻo ka coco raincoat ka raincoat o nā koa. I ka Ming a me Qing Dynasties, makemake pū kekahi poʻe hanohano i ka lole wili coir, e like me Jia Baoyu i ka Dream o Red Mansions. I nā lā ua, ua ʻaʻahu ʻo ia i kahi “jade pin rush” me ka mauʻu jade, a me kahi pāpale waina “gula waina” i ulana ʻia me ka ʻili wīwī lahilahi a pena ʻia me ka ʻaila tung, kahi mea e hoʻāla ai i ka mahalo o nā kaikamahine. Ua hoʻohana ʻia ka ʻahuʻula coir ma ke ʻano he ʻaukana a hiki i ke ʻano o ka raincoat ea hou e haʻalele i ka ʻike o ka poʻe. Akā i kekahi mau wahi kuahiwi mamao, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka lole huluhulu coir i hana ʻia i nā olonā mea kanu

Nā Mellors kindu

Nā Mellors kindu

I ka makahiki 1747, ua hoʻohana ka ʻenekini Palani ʻo Francois Freno i ka latex i kiʻi ʻia mai ka wahie kāpili e hoʻouluulu ai i nā kāmaʻa lole a me nā kapa komo i loko o kēia hopena hopena e hana ʻole i ka wai. I loko o kahi hale hana kāpili ma Sekotia, ʻEnelani, aia kekahi limahana i kapa ʻia ʻo McGuindos. I kekahi lā i ka makahiki 1823, e hana ana ʻo McGuindos i ka wā i kulu hewa ʻole ai ʻo ia i ka waiū i nā lole ona. I kona ʻike ʻana, holoi koke ʻo ia iā ia me kona mau lima, akā me he mea lā ua komo ka wai kāpili i loko o kona kapa. Ma kahi o ka holoi ʻana, ua uhi ʻia i ʻāpana. ʻAʻole hiki iā Mr. McGuindos ke kāpae iā ia, no laila ua ʻaʻa nō ʻo ia e hana. ʻAʻole i liʻuliʻu ma mua o ka ʻike ʻana o McGuinty ua uhi ʻia nā ʻāpana rubberized o ka lole i ka mea e like me ka hamo wai, kahi helehelena maikaʻi ʻole a maikaʻi ʻole hoʻi. Ua uhi maʻalahi ʻo ia i ka lole āpau me ka lākeke, a ʻo ka hopena he lole hōʻoiaʻiʻo ua. Me ka hoʻopiʻi hou, ʻaʻole hopohopo hou ʻo McGuinty i ka ua. Ua pālahalaha koke aku ka mea hou, a ua ukali nā hoa hana ma ka hale hana i ke alakaʻi a McGuinty a hana i nā raincoat vinyl wai ʻole. Ma hope mai, ua hoʻonui ka kaulana o ka lipine raincoat i ka maka o Parks, he metallurgists ʻEnelani, nāna i aʻo i kēia ʻano lole. Ua ʻike ʻo Parks i ka lole rubberized, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hiki ke hele a paakiki, paʻakikī a palupalu, e hana ana i ka mea hoihoi ʻole a ʻoluʻolu ʻole hoʻi e komo. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Parks e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka lole. ʻAʻole ia a hiki i ka makahiki 1884 ua haku ʻo Parks a patent i ka ʻenehana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke kalapona disulfide ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoheheʻe, hemo i ka laholio, a me ka hana ʻana i nā lako wai ʻole. I hiki ai ke huli koke i ka mea hou i huahana, kūʻai aku nā pāka i ka palapala Sila Nui i kahi kanaka i kapa ʻia ʻo Charles. Hoʻomaka ka hana ʻia ʻana o nā Raincoats i nā mea he nui, a ua lilo a kaulana ka Charles Raincoat Company a puni ka honua. ʻAʻole i poina ʻia ʻo Mackindows, e like me ke kāhea ʻana o nā poʻe āpau i kona kapa huluhulu. Mai ia manawa mai, ua ʻike ʻia ka huaʻōlelo "raincoat" ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania ʻo "Mackintosh." Ma hope o ke komo ʻana i ke kenekulia iwakālua, ʻo ka helehelena o ka palekiko a me nā lole pale wai like ʻole i hana i ke kaila a me ke kala o nā ʻahuʻulu momona a momona. Ma hope o nā makahiki 1960, ua kaulana a kaulana nā lole huluhulu i hana ʻia mai ka lole ʻili a i mālama ʻia i nā lole ʻahu


Ka manawa Post: ʻOkakopa-29-2020